Origin of Apartheid: Myth - Apartheid was a system that has ancient roots in South Africa. Reality - Apartheid was a relatively modern concept implemented by the National Party in 1948, institutionalizing racial segregation and discrimination.

Peaceful Resistance: Myth - The struggle against apartheid was entirely non-violent. Reality - While leaders like Nelson Mandela emphasized non-violence, there were also armed resistance movements, such as Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), co-founded by Mandela, which engaged in acts of sabotage against apartheid institutions.

International Isolation: Myth - Apartheid South Africa was universally isolated and condemned. Reality - While many countries, organizations, and individuals supported the anti-apartheid movement, there were also some who maintained economic and political ties with the apartheid government.

 Mandela's Imprisonment: Myth - Nelson Mandela's imprisonment was the sole reason for the end of apartheid. Reality - While Mandela's imprisonment galvanized international support for the anti-apartheid cause, internal resistance, economic pressures, and international sanctions played significant roles in dismantling apartheid.

 Homogeneity of Resistance: Myth - The struggle against apartheid was a unified movement. Reality - There were various factions and organizations with different ideologies and strategies, ranging from peaceful protest to armed struggle, making the resistance movement diverse and complex.

Role of International Sanctions: Myth - Economic sanctions were the primary reason for the end of apartheid. Reality - While sanctions had a significant impact on the South African economy, internal resistance and changing global attitudes towards apartheid also played vital roles in its downfall.

 Reconciliation and Forgiveness: Myth - After the end of apartheid, all South Africans easily reconciled and forgave each other. Reality - The process of reconciliation was complex and ongoing, as the wounds of apartheid continued to affect society, requiring ongoing efforts to address the legacies of the past.

Legacy of Apartheid: Myth - The end of apartheid brought immediate equality and prosperity for all South Africans. Reality - The legacy of apartheid persists, and despite progress, significant social and economic disparities still exist, necessitating ongoing efforts to achieve true equality and justice.

For more such interesting stuff click here